South-easternpart of Turkey is famouswithitsspecific historical and geographical places. With its fascinating geographic features and 10 thousand years of history, Hasankeyf attracts thousands of domestic and foreign tourists.
10 Thousand Years of History
Hasankeyf is an historicalcounty placed in Batman district. The historical importance of the town came from its location. Hasankeyf was on the trade routes from Northern Mesopotamia to Anatolia. Moreover, due to Tigris River divides the town two parts, Hasankeyf became a great center for river trading. Because of its importance, the town faced the tragedy of occupation for many times.
Because of being in the border line between Sassanid and Byzantine Empires, Hasankeyf often changed hands. Nevertheless, the town remained as an important Christian trade center. Khalifa Omar’s army occupied Hasankeyf in 640 and after this date began islamisation process in the town. In 1102 Hasankeyf became the capital of Artuqids which ruled the south-eastern part of Anatolia from 1102 to 1409. Hasankeyf remained as the capital of Artuqids till 1232 and the period of two centuries were the most sumptuous years of the town.
After Mongol attacks Hasankeyf was blasted in 1260. Hasankeyf changed hand many times from 13th to 16th century and finally, became a part of Ottoman Empire in 1515. Because of Ottoman – Safavid wars during the first half of 17th century, Hasankeyf lost its significance as a trade center, turned into the county of Mardin in 1867 and the county of Batman in 1990.
Archeological Sites and Historical Monuments
Great Palace, The Old Tigris Bridge, Süleyman Mosque, ZeynelBeyMasoleum and other church, palace and mosques wait visitors.
City of Caves
There are many rocky and caves around Hasankeyf and the name of the town come from an Arabic idiom “HıssınKeyf”, “City of Caves”. Hasankeyfcaveswere used as shelters in ancient times. That’s why, besides its historical importance, Hasankeyf is considerable tourism area with its geological characteristics.
Hotels in Hasankeyf
There aren’t many hotels in Hasankeyf. That’s why you have to make a reservation before your visit. You have also boutique hotel choices. Hasankeyf hotelprices are affordable.
Ilısu Dam and the Future of Hasankeyf
Story of Hasankeyf will be more harrowing. Hasankeyf will submerge because of Ilısu Dam which will serve for 50 years. Medium term economic plans destroy history of 10 thousand years.
How Reach to Hasankeyf?
Hasankeyf is situated in the distance of 49 km from Batman city center. Distance from Mardin is 109 km, from Midyat is about 45 km. Hasankeyf buses pull from bus terminals. Beside these, you can use service vehicles in airports.
Food and Beverage in Hasankeyf
Oily dishes of meat, pastry, regional soups form the cuisine of Hasankeyf. YolGeçen Hanı – a restaurant is in a natural cave – presents tasty foods and ravishing atmosphere. You can alsotaste regional dishes in Mardin or Midyat which are not far from Hasankeyf.