Taksim Square is one of the symbolic places of Istanbul. Taksim Square comes forward with its historical and political importance, hotels, cafe&restaurants, places of entertainment enclosing it. One of the rare inner city woodlands of Istanbul is also in Taksim.
The Name of Taksim Square
The name of the square comes from an infrastructure project realized in the Ottoman period. Sultan I Mahmud got a reservoir built to reach water to this area of Istanbul.Water lines were branchedoff in this place. Taksim means division or distribution. That’s why the name of the square was called as Taksim.
History of the Square
There was a free field in comparison with remaining part of Beyoğlu and there was not a building in the empty field. The first structure in this area was a reservoir known as Maksem. Second building in the square was TopçuKışlası, Taksim Military Barracks. It was built in 1780 during I Abdulhamid’s reign. Then Mecidiye Barracks, Gümüşsuyu Military Hospital, the building of Palace Orchestra were built in 19th century. Thus, Taksim Square turned into a military area.
Beyoğlu was tied up with Şişli by tram in 1913 and the importance of Taksim Square increased.In 1920-30’s the backyard of Taksim Military Barracks was used as football field known as Taksim Stadium. During the modernization process of Taksim Square in 1940’s Taksim Millitary Barracks was pulled down and became a park: Taksim Gezi Park.
The symbolic monument of the square is Taksim Monument. It was built in 1925-1928 and symbolize Turkish War of Independence.
Taksim Square is a symbolic center for left wing of Turkey. That’s why all left wing trade unions want to celebrate 1 May here.
Touristic Importance of Taksim Square
Taksim Square is “heart” of the tourism of Istanbul. It is center of culture, entertainment and trade of the city. There are dozens of cinemas, theatres, exhibition halls, café, restaurant, club, hotels near the square. Millions of tourists visit Taksim Square every year.
Housing in Taksim Square
Taksim is the heart of accomadition sector in Istanbul. You can find dozens of hotels from cheaper to expencive. Besides it, you have chance to look for boutique hotels, hostels and daily rental houses.The best advantage of Taksim hotels is being in the center of Istanbul. To reach some historical places is very easy.
Food and Beverage in Taksim
There are many restaurants where you can find dishes from Turkish and world cuisine. You can aslo taste regional meals in restaurants like “Hatay Medeniyetler Sofrası”, “Klemuri” and etc. “Tarihi Pano Şaraphanesi” – Historical Pano Winery – is an authentic place and you can taste Assyrian wine here.
How Reach to Taksim Square?
You can use Hacıosman – Taksim metro line and have to get off at the last station. Most frequently used bus is 25 T. Taksim Square is the last stop of the bus. You have an opportunity of using metrobus. Getting off on the Mecidiyekoy stop, you can reach to the square on foot.