The ancient city of Ephesus, which dates back to 6000 BC, has been an ancient city of Roman, Greek and Turkish in different periods. This extraordinary work, which contains artifacts such as the Temple of Artemis, the House of Virgin Mary, is located in the Selcuk district of Izmir and is one of the most important tourist destinations in Turkey. At the time of the Roman emperor Augustus, the population of the Asian province reached 200,000.
At the same time Ephesus was an important port city. This feature enabled Ephesus to be an important trading and political center at the time.
The largest temple of Artemis, which is based on the ancient goddess tradition of Anatolia, is also located in Ephesus. Having a very important place in history and today, Ephesus has produced famous names such as Herakleitos, Artemidoros, Hipponaks, Zenodotos and Soranos.
Where is Ephesus Antique City?
Where is the ancient city of Ephesus? Ephesus is located in the Selcuk district of Izmir. It is one of the first tourist attractions that come to mind in Aegean. It came from ancient Greeks to daylight. It was under the rule of the Roman Empire before the Turks were dismissed.
Who Builds the Ancient City of Ephesus?
It is thought that the ancient city of Ephesus was founded by the female warriors at that time. These female warriors are known as Amazon. The ancient city of Ephesus is thought to have a history of about 8 thousand years. Ephesus Antique City is one of the most important examples of the Polished Stone Age. It is a rare masterpiece that comes up to the sun.
Architecture of the ancient city of Ephesus
One of the most striking features of Ephesus is the intersection of all streets and streets at right angles. The founder of this architecture is Hippodamos and this architecture is called “Grid Plan”. Ephesus, one of the most developed cities in the world, was built and decorated with high technology and skillfully marble works according to the circumstances of the day. He was also the capital of Asia. The population at that time is estimated to be about two hundred thousand. It is an incredibly crowded influenza according to the circumstances of time.
But after a while Ephesus was a great misfortune. Ephesus Harbor, which has the biggest share in the enrichment of the city, began to fill up and lost its port character. And this situation has slowed down trade. But bad progress has not prevented it. Ephesus thus has lost both its port and become a city far from the sea. Later, in 1330, was first captured by Turks.
How to get to Ephesus Antique City?
There is a distance of 80 km between Izmir and Selcuk. This distance lasts 1 hour with a minibus and 15 minutes with a train. You will come to Selcuk from Izmir with special vehicles, you have to follow İzmir-Aydın Highway and exit Selcuk junction. Those who do not want to use the highway should follow the Selcuk sign after passing the Torbali on the old road between İzmir and Aydın.