General description about Anitkabir
Anıtkabir is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who was the founder and first president of Turkish Republic. It was constructed in Ankara and designed by Professor EminOnat and Assistant Professor OrhanArda. The architectural form of this structure looks like an ancient Greek temple. The tomb of IsmetInönü, who was the comrade in arms of Atatürk during the Independence War and second president of Turkish Republic, faces Atatürk’s tomb on the opposite side of Ceremonial Ground.
History of Anıtkabir
27 foreign and 20 Turkish architects had attended the Anıtkabir project competition in 1941 and 3 works were deemed worthy of an award. It was decided to implement the project of Prof. Dr. EminOnat and Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Orhan due to more successful expression of the national feelings and the appropriateness of the project to the land. The project started on October 9, 1944. The construction of Anıtkabir was completed in 1953.
The name of Anıttepe was Rasattepe because of the observation station before Anıtkabir was built. There were tumuli (gravestones) belonging to the Phrygian civilization that lived in the 12th century BC on this hill. After the decision to buildAnıtkabir in Rasattepe, began archaeological excavations to remove these tumuli. These artifacts are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
Architectural features of Anıtkabir
The architecture of Anıtkabirmausoleumreflects the characteristics of the period called “The Second National Architecture Period” between 1940-1950 in Turkish architecture. In this period, symmetrical buildings which were used cut stone materials and mostly monumental aspects. Anıtkabir also follows these characteristics. Besides Anıtkabir has also Seljuq and Ottoman ornamentation and architectural features. For instance, the Seljuk style borders, known as “saw teeth” were applied in external walls and eaves all around the towers.
Number of Anıtkabir Visitors
On November 10th, the anniversary of Atatürk’s death, thousands of people come to visit. 1,089,615 people visited Anıtkabir which is the all-time high on November 10, 2013. October 29th , when the Republic was proclaimed, is another day of choice for the visit.
Places to visit around Anıtkabir
The capital city of Turkish Republic, Ankara, is a growing modern metropolis host government buildings, major universities, commercial businesses and foreign embassies. Ankara is a significant transportation hub, linking travelers to other destinations in Turkey. The city offers a hearth-warming scene with many museums and historical sites, including the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations,Phrygian archaeological site at Gordion and the small Ottoman town of Beypazarı.
Accommodation and food & beverage in Ankara
Since Ankara is capital and big city, there are several alternatives for accommodation and transportation. Simit (ring-shaped bread covered with sesame seeds), Beypazarı cookie, Ankara honey, toyya soup, entekke pie, Çubuk pickles are very famous.
How to get to Anıtkabir